Lune Rouge

Liste d’abréviations informatique

Par : Lionel Allorge

Sommaire => Français

Abréviation

Signification

2D 2 Dimensions
3D 3 Dimensions
AC/DC Alternating Current/Direct Current
ACE Advanced Computing Environment
ACM Association for Computing Machinery
ADSL Asymetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGP Accelerated Graphic Port
AI Artificial Intelligence
ALGOL Algorithmic Language
AM Amplitude Modulation
ANSI American National Standards Institute
AOL America On Line
API Application Programming Interface
APL A Programming Language
APM Advanced Power Management
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASLM Apple Shared Library Manager
ASP Association of Shareware Professionals
ATAPI Attachment Pac and Interface
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AVI Audio-Video Interleaved
BASIC Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BBS Bulletin Board System
BIOS Basic Input Output System
BLOB Binary Large Object
BOF Beginning Of File
BSA Business Software Alliance
CAD Computer-Assisted Design
CADD Computer-Assisted Design and Drafting
CAE Computer-Aided Engineering
CAL Computer-Aided Learning
CAM Computer-Assisted Manufacture
CAO Conception Assistée par Ordinateur
CASE Computer-Aided Software Engineering
CASM Computer-Aided Sales and Marketing
CAV Constant Angular Velocity
CCD Charged Coupled Device
CCITT Comité Consultatif International Télégraphique et Téléphonique
CD Compact Disk
CD-ROM Compact Disk Read Only Memory
CDI Compact Disc Interactive
CDV Compact Disc Video
CFAO Conception et Fabrication Assistée par Ordinateur
CGA Color Graphic Adapter
CGI Common Gateway Interface
CISC Complex Instruction Set Computer
CLI Call Level Interface
CLS Clear Screen
CLSID Class Identifier
CLUF Contrat de Licence Utilisateur Final
CLV Constant Linear Velocity
CMOS Complementary Metal Oxid Semiconductor
CMY Cyan Magenta Yellow
COBOL Common Business-Oriented Language
COFF Common Object File Format
COM Component Object Model
COM Computer Output Microfilm
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CP/M Control Program/Monitor
CPP C Plus Plus
CPU Central Processing Unit
CR Carriage Return
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRT Cathode Ray Tube
CSV Comma-Separated Values
CTS Clear To Send
CUI Character User Interface
DAA Digital to Analog Adaptor
DAC Digital to Analog Converter
DAG Directed Acyclic Graph
DAO Data Access Objects
DAT Digital Audio Tape
DBCS Double-Byte Character Set
DBMS Database Management System
DCE Data Communications Equipment
DD Double Density
DDC Direct Data Channel
DDE Dynamic Data Exchange
DDL Data Definition Language
DDV Dialog Data Validation
DDX Dialog Data Exchange
DEC Digital Equipment Corporation.
DEK Data Encryption Key
DES Data Encryption Standard
DIB Device-Independent Bitmap
DIMM Dual Inline Memory Module
DIP Dual Inline Package
DLC Digital Loop Carrier
DLL Dynamic Link Library
DLU Dialog Unit
DMA Direct Memory Access
DMI Desktop Managment Interface
DNS Domain Name Server
DOS Disk Operating System
DP Data Processing
DPI Dot Per Inch
DPMI DOS Protected Mode Interface
DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DSM Dynamic Scattering Mode
DSP Digital Signal Processing
DSR Data Set Ready
DSTN Dual Scan Twisted Neumatic
DTE Data Terminal Equipment
DTP Desktop Publishing
DTR Data Terminal Ready
DV Digital Video
DVD Digital Video Disk (Digital Versatile Disk)
EAO Enseignement Assistée par Ordinateur
EBCDIC Extended Data Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EDO External Data Out
EDP Electronic Data Processing
EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFF Electronic Frontier Fondation
EFT Electronic Funds Transfer
EFTPOS Electronic Funds Transfer at Point Of Sale
EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter
EIA Electronic Industries Association
EIAJ Electronic Industries Association of Japan
EIDE Enhanced Integrated Device Equipment
EISA Extended Industry Standard Architecture
EMAIL Electronic Mail
EMS Expanded Memory Specification
ENG Electronic News Gathering
EOF End Of File
EOT End Of Transmission
EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale
EPP Enhanced Parallel Port
EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EPS Encapsulated PostScript
ESC Escape
FAQ Foire Aux Questions
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
FAT File Allocation Table
FD Floppy Disk
FDD Floppy Disk Drive
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FF Form Feed
FIFO First In First Out
FM Frequency Modulation
FORTRAN Formula Translator
FPU Floating Point Unit
FSF Free Software Fondation
FTAM File Transfer Access and Management
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GDI Graphics Device Interface
GEM Graphics Environment Manager
GHz Giga Hertz
GIGO Garbage In, Garbage Out
GPF General Protection Fault
GPS Global Positioning System
GUI Graphical User Interface
GUID Globally Unique Identifier
HD Hard Disk
HD High Density
HDD Hard Disk Drive
HDLC High-level Data Link Control
HDTV High Definition Television
HFS Hierarchical File System
HGC Hercules Graphics Card
HMA High Memory Area
HMD Head Mounted Display
HP Hewlett-Packard
HPFS High-Performance File System
HPGL Hewlett-Packard Graphic Language
HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP Hyper Text Transport Protocol
I/O Input/Output
IA Intelligence Artificielle
IAB Internet Architecture Board
IBM Industrial Business Machines
IC Integrated Circuit
IDE Integrated Device Equipment
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IETF Internet Engeneering Task Force
IHM Interface Homme Machine
IPX/SPX Internet Packet Exchange/Sequenced Packet Exchange
IRC Internet Relay Chat
IRG Internet Ressource Guide
IRQ Interrupt Request
ISA Industry Standard Architecture
ISAM Indexed Sequential Access Method
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO International Standards Organization
IT Information Technology
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
KB Kilo Byte
KO Kilo Octets
LAN Local Area Network
LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LAWN Local Area Wireless Network
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LCID Locale Identifier
LED Light-Emitting Diode
LF Line Feed
LIFO Last In First Out
LISP List Processing language
LQ Letter Quality
LRPC Lightweight Remote Procedure Call
LSB Least Significant Bit
LSI Large Scale Integration
MAPI Messaging Application Programming Interface
MB Mega Bytes
MBCS Multibyte Character Set
MCGA Multi Color Graphic Array
MCI Media Control Interface
MDA Monochrome Display Adapter
MDI Multiple Document Interface
MFC Microsoft Foundation Classes
MFM Modified Frequency Modulation
MHz Mega Hertz
MI Machine Intelligence
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MIPS Millions of Instructions Per Second
MMU Memory Management Unit
MMX Multimedia Extensions
MNP Microcom Network Protocol
MO Mega Octets
MODEM Modulator/Demodulator
MPC Multimedia Personal Computer
MPEG Moving Pictures Experts Group
MSB Most Significant Bit
MSI Medium Scale Integration
MSN Microsoft Network
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
NDS NetWare Directory Services
NFS/NIS Network File System / Network Information System
NIC Network Information Center
NMI Non Maskable Interrupt
NNTP Network News Transfer Protocol
NOS Network Operating System
NSF National Science Fondation
NT New Technology
NTFS New Technology File System
NTP Network Time Protocol
NTSC National Television Standards Committee
NUI Network User Identity
OASIS Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
OCR Optical Character Recognition
OCX OLE control
ODAPI Open Database Application Programming Interface
ODBC Open DataBase Connectivity
ODL Object Description Language
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OLE Object Linking and Embedding
OMF Object Model Format
OMG Object Management Group
OS Operating System
OSF Open Software Foundation
OSI Open Systems Interconnection
PAL Phase Alternative Line
PAO Publication Assistée par Ordinateur
PARC Palo Alto Research Center (Xerox)
PC Personal Computer
PCB Printed Circuit Board
PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCM Pulse Code Modulation
PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDA Personal Digital Assistant
PDF Portable Display Format
PDL Program Definition Language
PDN Public Data Network
PgDn Page Down
PGP Pretty Good Privacy
PgUp Page Up
PIN Personal Identification Number
PIO Parallel Input Output
PIO Programmed Input Output
POO Programmation Orientée Objets
POST Power On Self Test
PPM Page Per Minute
PPP Point Par Pouce
PPP Point to Point Protocol
PROLOG Programming in Logic
PROM Programmable Read Only Memory
QIC Quarter Inch Cartridge
R/W Read / Write
RAID Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
RAM Random Access Memory
RAMDAC Random Access Memory Digital to Analog Converter
RAS Remote Access Service
RDA Remote Database Access
RET Resolution Enhancement Technology
RFX Record Field Exchange
RGB Red, Green, Blue
RGBA Red, Green, Blue, Alpha
RIP Remote Imaging Protocol
RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RLE Run Length Encoded
RLL Run Length Limited
RMS Root Mean Square
RNIS Réseau Numérique à Intégration de Services
ROC Reconnaissance Optique de Caractères
ROM Read Only Memory
RPC Remote Procedure Call
RTC Real Time Clock
RTF Rich-Text Format
RTS Request To Send
RTTI Run-Time Type Information
RVB Rouge Vert Bleu
SAA System Application Architecture
SADT Structured Analysis and Design Technique
SBC Single Board Computer
SCSI Small Computer Systems Interface
SDI Single Document Interface
SDK Software Development Kit
SDLC Synchronous Data Link Control
SDRAM Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SEC Single Edge Contact cartridge
SECAM Système Séquentiel de Couleur à Mémoire
SEH Structured Exception Handling
SFT System Fault Tolerance
SGBD Systeme de Gestion de Base de Données
SGML Standart Generalized Markup Language
SGRAM Synchronous Graphic Random Access Memory
SIB Scaled Index Base
SIGGRAPH Special Interest Group on Graphics
SIMM Single In-line Memory Module
SIP Single Inline Package
SLSI Super Large Scale Integration
SMART Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SPARC Scalable Processor Architecture
SQL Structured Query Language
SRAM Static Random Access Memory
SSI Small Scale Integration
SSII Société de Service et d’Ingénierie en Informatique
SVGA Super Video Graphics Array
TAPI Telephony Application Programming Interface
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TFT Thin Film Transistor
TIFF Tagged Image File Format
TLS Thread Local Storage
TSR Terminate and Stay Resident
TTF True Type Font
TTL Transistor Transistor Logic
TV Television
TWAIN Technology Without An Interresting Name
UAL Unité Arithmétique et Logique
UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver / Transmitter
UCT Unité Centrale de Traitement
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UDT Uniform Data Transfer
UG User Group
UHF Ultra High Frequency
UI User Interface
ULSI Ultra Large Scale Integration
UMA Upper Memory Area
UMB Upper Memory Block
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
URL Uniform Ressource Locator
USB Universal Serial Bus
UTC Coordinated Universal Time
UUID Universally Unique Identifier
VBX Visual Basic control
VCR Video Cassette Recorder
VDSL Very high bit rate DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)
VDT Video Display Terminal
VDU Visual Display Unit
VESA Video Electronics Standards Association
VGA Video Graphics Adaptor
VHF Very High Frequency
VHS Video Home System
VLB VESA Local Bus
VLSI Very Large Scale Integration
VRAM Volatile Random Access Memory
VRML Virtual Reality Modeling Language
VxD Virtual Device Driver
WAN Wide Area Network
WMF Windows Metafile
WORM Write Once Read Many times
WOSA Windows Open Services Architecture
WP Word Processor
WPS Windows Printing System
WWW World Wide Web
WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get
XGA Extended Graphics Array
XMS Extended Memory Specification
ZIF Zero Insertion Force


Liens :

Le jargon Français : http://www.linux-france.org/prj/jargonf/ (FR)

Glossaire Informatique : http://sos-informatique.qc.ca/glossaire.htm (FR)

Jargon File : http://www.jargon.org/ (EN)


Merci d’envoyer commentaires ou corrections à : Lionel Allorge : lionel.allorge@lunerouge.org

Version 0.3

Copyright © 2002 Lionel Allorge
Vous avez l’autorisation de copier, distribuer et/ou modifier ce document d’après les termes de la licence :
GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1.

Copyright © 2002 Lionel Allorge.
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the :
GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1.


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